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“Intellectual Property” Keeps Right On Killing

Saturday, May 21, 2016 16:10
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Habitual apologists for agribusiness like Reason‘s Ron Bailey gushingly cite studies that show glyphosate, the “active ingredient” in Roundup, are unlikely to cause cancer in the concentrations that appear in supermarket produce. But as it turns out, the focus on glyphosate was actually a distraction (and naturally Monsanto sycophants like Bailey focus on glyphosate, in their breathless reports on the exonerating research). There’s evidence (“New Evidence About the Dangers of Monsanto’s Roundup,” The Intercept, May 17) that Roundup is indeed carcinogenic, especially in the concentrations that farm workers are exposed to. See, regardless of whether glyphosate itself is dangerous, its “inert ingredients” (like surfactants) may well be. In fact, those “inert” ingredients may be deadly to human cells even in the residual amounts consumers are exposed to (“Weed Whacking Herbicide Proves Deadly to Human Cells,” Scientific American, June 23, 2009). But legally, Monsanto is required to make public only the active ingredient — glyphosate — itself. The “inert ingredients” are all trade secrets, legally protected by so-called “intellectual property.”

Even if it’s true that Roundup is safe if used to company specifications, as Monsanto claims, when is it ever so used? Given the gross power imbalances in the agribusiness industry, nobody’s going to hold giant plantation farmers to account for cutting corners when it comes to their workers’ exposure to toxic chemicals. Back in the 80s, I witnessed the large-scale use of Roundup to “eradicate weeds” on the yard outside Old Main at the University of Arkansas. In fact it also eradicated grass and killed some of the oak trees as well. And even as the physical plant workers themselves applied the Roundup in getups that looked like space suits, groups of students clad in shorts and tank tops casually strolled through the clouds of toxic chemicals.

I would mention, parenthetically, that it’s disingenuous to give Roundup a pass based entirely on its danger or non-danger to consumers. The effects of Roundup — and the system of large-scale monoculture plantation farming it’s a part of — on farm workers and the ecosystem are also important.

No doubt libertarians will object to labelling requirements at all, including active ingredients. But libertarians also tend to favor a vigorous civil law of torts — or should so favor, if they’re not hypocrites — as a substitute for the regulatory state. And part of tort law is the ability to subpoena evidence relevant to an alleged harm. In a libertarian legal order (stipulating for the moment the unlikely possibility that anything resembling corporate agribusiness could even exist in a free market system), the prevalence of cancer like non-Hodgskin lymphoma among agricultural workers exposed to Roundup, there would long ago have been lawsuits in which Monsanto was compelled to disclose the full list of ingredients in Roundup. And in any case “trade secrets” guaranteed by law, or enforced by any means other than the actual secrecy of the company itself and non-binding on third parties, would not exist at all.

So the existence of legally protected trade secrets is a weapon against the health and welfare of the public, depriving them of any knowledge of the nature of toxic chemicals they may be exposed to.

This is nothing new. We’ve already seen it in regard to the cocktail of ingredients used in hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking.”

And, in addition to the deaths caused by “intellectual  property” itself, the state doesn’t mind, when necessary, inflicting large-scale death in its enforcement of “intellectual property” — as indicated by leaked diplomatic letters from the Colombian embassy (“Leaks Show Senate Aide Threatened Colombia Over Cheap Cancer Drug,” The Intercept, May 14).

The Center for a Stateless Society ( is a media center working to build awareness of the market anarchist alternative


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