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Sweden Found Spies Working in it’s Key Agencies

Thursday, March 16, 2017 23:29
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Swedish security solice Säpo (Säkerhets Polisen), Swedish Security Police (homepage), has investigated in the past year several suspected spies working for key Swedish agencies, the service has revealed.

From right, Säpo head Anders Thornberg and security department head Fredrik Agemark. Photo: Janerik Henriksson/TT
The annual report released on Thursday by the Security Police is outlining current security threats to Sweden.

The head of the Säpo security protection department, Fredrik Agemark, told a press conference participated by several news media, that their team had investigated several cases during last year where people employed by authorities “had been of assistance to foreign powers”.

Agemark further said that these cases included spies who were applying for jobs within agencies considered crucial to Sweden’s democratic and security interests as well as foreign powers attempting to recruit staff at these agencies.

No suspects were prosecuted in any of the cases.

“There’s an ongoing intelligence gathering in our country, we keep seeing how people are being approached, we’re seeing electronic attacks, that all available means are being used. Säpo does not wait until someone becomes a full-fledged spy, but intervenes before that,” said the head of the security services, Anders Thornberg.

Thornberg with his colleagues also told they had noted several cyber attacks in the past year carried out by state actors, either to access information or as an attempt to simply disrupt Sweden’s activities.

He declined to name which state or states were behind the attempts, but described Russia as the biggest threat.

In 2016 the Swedish Security Police confirmed that some Russian diplomats had been asked to leave Sweden because of the rising concerns of intelligence threats.

The Security Police in it’s report on threats to the national security of Sweden, called their task being “bigger and more complicated than ever”.

The four biggest challenges they are facing are:

1. Security levels aren’t keeping up with digitalization

Increased digitalization makes Swedish agencies more vulnerable, and they therefore must be better protected.

Säpo describes the situation as the “growing gap between threat and protection” – in other words, the threat against these organizations is increasing thanks to the digital age, but their security levels aren’t keeping up.

Säpo pointed out that several cases of state-sponsored electronic attacks on government agencies and other organizations important to Swedish national security were investigated in 2016.

2. Tense political debates and the forthcoming election

2018 is an election year in Sweden, and the country’s security police have already started preparing their security work for the period, they revealed on Thursday. Their annual report for 2016 highlights a more tense political climate during 2016, and names both the Brexit vote and the US presidential election as two examples where the tone of debate was aggressive and polarized.

The report mentions the apparently politically motivated murder of British MP Jo Cox during campaigning in the UK, and says that making sure Swedish MP have the chance to do their duty and campaign without being subject to threats is a key task for Säpo.

Parts of state leadership are clearly public profiles and are visible, and in a democratic society like Sweden we want to have a close relationship between elected officials and the general public,” Säpo’s deputy head Fredrik Hallström told The Local.

As such, there’s a bigger risk that something like what happened (in the UK) can happen. But that’s what our personal security and assessment work takes on: making sure we tackle those concerns and maintain our open Swedish society,” he added.

3. The changing terror picture

There hasn’t been a terror attack on Swedish soil since two bombs exploded in Stockholm in 2010, killing only the attacker himself, and Säpo thinks the biggest threat of a future terror attack now lies with lone actors: that is to say, a single person planning and carrying out an attack, rather than one orchestrated by a larger organization.

That person could still be driven by an extremist ideology, but their motivation may vary, and Säpo have not singled out one particular profile. Lone terrorists are more difficult to detect, and as such, several terrorist groups are now encouraging their sympathizers to take their own initiative and use more straightforward methods of attack, according to the Swedish security police.

Säpo analyst Ahn-Za Hagström pointed out that Islamic State meanwhile has changed its strategy from encouraging people to travel abroad and join them, to encouraging them to carry out attacks in their homeland in Europe. That can mean an increased threat to Sweden, and the consequences can be seen in recent attacks on nearby European nations, she noted.

4. Sweden’s growing strategic importance

The changing political situation in Europe means that Säpo considers the Baltic region and Sweden to now have an increased strategic importance from a military perspective. Säpo head Anders Thornberg noted that in 2016 they investigated a number of instances where “insiders” from foreign forces were found to be feeding information from Swedish agencies to foreign governments or other actors.

One country that the Baltic is particularly important to from a strategic perspective of course is Russia, but as a Swedish journalist pointed out at Säpo’s press conference, the word “Russia” is almost entirely missing from their annual report.

Thornberg answered that from a strategic point of view it could be damaging to national security to reveal where the “insiders” they have found come from, but he did add that Säpo have previously been frank about Russia being the biggest threat when it comes to spying. 

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